QUESTION 38 - 40

38. ~ 39.

다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.

I cannot conceive a society in which private property will not be a necessary condition of life. I may be wrong. The war [i.e. World War I] has poured human society into the (A)melting pot, and he would be a daring person who ventured to forecast the shape in which it will emerge a generation or two hence. Ideas are in the saddle, and tendencies beyond our control and the range of our (B)speculation are at work shaping our future. If mankind finds that it can live more conveniently and more happily without private property it will do so. In spite of the Decalogue private property is only a human (C)arrangement, and no reasonable observer of the operation of the arrangement will pretend that it executes justice (D)failing in the affairs of men. But because the idea of private property has been permitted to override with its selfishness the common good of humanity, it does not follow that there are not limits within which that idea can function for the general convenience and advantage. The remedy is not in abolishing it altogether, but in subordinating it to the idea of equal justice and community of purpose.

 

                                                                               - Alfred G. Gardiner: On possession

 

38.

윗글에서 필자가 사유재산 제도에 대해 주장하는 것으로 가장 올바른 것은?

(A) 개인의 이기심 때문에 악용될 수 있으므로 폐지해야 한다.

(B) 인류가 이 제도 없이 살 수 있다면 가장 행복해질 수 있을 것이다.

(C) 인류의 공동선(共同善)을 유린해왔으므로 큰 제약을 가할 필요가 있다.

(D) 공평한 정의와 사회의 목적에 맞도록 제도의 행사에 제한을 둘 필요가 있다.

 

 

 

 

39.

밑줄 친 (A)~(D) 중에서, 문맥상 어색한 것은?

 

 

40.

다음 글을 읽고, 물음에 답하시오.

 

The popular lore of all nations testifies that duplicity and cunning, together with bodily strength, were looked upon, even more than courage, as heroic virtues by primitive mankind. To overcome your (A)[adversary/adversity] was the great affair of life. Courage was taken for granted. But the use of intelligence awakened wonder and respect. Stratagems, providing they did not fail, were (B)[honorable/disrespectful]; the easy massacre of an unsuspecting enemy evoked no feelings but those of gladness, pride, and admiration. Not perhaps that primitive men were more faithless than their descendants of today, but that they went straighter to their aim, and were more (C)[articulate/artless] in their recognition of success as the only standard of morality.

 

(A), (B), (C)에 들어갈 알맞은 말로 짝지어진 것으로 가장 적절한 것은?

           (A)                     (B)                        (C)

(A) adversary         honourable           articulate

(B) adversary         disrespectful        articulate

(C) adversary         honourable           artless

(D) adversity          honourable           artless